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"March 18th, 2023"


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加拿大VS美國 兩國留學優缺大不同

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【 北美留學 】加拿大 VS 美國:兩國留學優缺大不同,究竟差在哪?

加拿大 美國 留學 比較 加拿大和美國的教育體系都十分成熟,同時也都是台灣朋友們的熱門 留學 目的地!兩地似乎沒有文化隔閡,卻又有相當大的差別?甚至有人說「去加拿大讀書只是去不了美國的次要選擇?」,究竟加拿大是不是「低配版」的美國呢?讓我們一起來 比較 一下兩地的優缺點吧! 加拿大 美國 留學 比較 1. 昂貴的精英教育 V.S 經濟的全民教育 美國 每當有人提到「美國學歷」,就令人覺得「含金量」十分之高、心生羨慕,但隨之而來的留學花費也不容小覷,對於國際學生來說,動輒每學年數萬美金的學費的確令人吃不消,另外不同於台灣學制的「難入學,易畢業」,進入美國名校後還不能鬆懈,掛科延畢都可能是家常便飯!同時美國就業市場一樣競爭,投入的資金是否能夠換得一份值得的工作?這個也是每一個學生都要去思考的。 加拿大 加拿大的高等教育其實相當親民,以留學生經常選擇的2年制文憑(Diploma)來計,2年學費可以壓在30,000加幣以內(約67萬台幣),如果是選擇學士學位(Bachelor)的朋友,也可以將4年課程壓縮至2.5到3年之間不等;如此以培養人才、就業取向的教育制度,大量、快速地輸送許多人才到加拿大的就業市場,對於學生、整體社會都有著極大效益。 Whenever someone mentions “American education”, people feel that the “gold content” is very high, and they are envious. However, the cost of studying abroad should not be underestimated. For international students, it can cost tens of thousands of dollars per academic year. The tuition fees are indeed unbearable. In addition, unlike Taiwan’s school system, which is “difficult to enroll in, easy to graduate”, you can’t relax after entering a prestigious American school, and delaying graduation may be commonplace! At the same time, the American job market is equally competitive. Can the invested funds be exchanged for a worthwhile job? This is something every student should think about. Canada’s higher education is actually very close to the people. In terms of the most practical diploma (Diploma), it only costs less than 30,000 Canadian dollars (about 670,000 Taiwan dollars) to complete the two-year study. The one-year curriculum is compressed to between 2.5 and 3 years. The employment-oriented and talent-cultivating education system can deliver talents to the job market more quickly, which is of great benefit to students and the society as a whole. 2. 嚴格的簽證關卡 V.S 友善的留學政策 美國 美國的重重關卡(簽證面試、入境盤查、查緝黑工…等)是每一個留學生最苦惱的部分,一不小心就可能被美國拒之門外、簽證費用跟著打水漂!難民、非法移民等已給美國社會帶來沉重壓力,因此各個環節無不懷疑旅客訪美的居心,簽證遭拒或與造訪目的不符的故事不絕於耳。也有一些留學生數度申請簽證才通過,傷神又傷財,紛紛表示美國夢真的不容易! 同時以美國留學生所持有的F1簽證為例,打工多限制在校園內,對於校園外的兼職不如加拿大般開放,若是被發現違反就業規定,可能未來數年都會被美國列為不歡迎的旅客哦! 加拿大 加拿大,一個在過去20年間增長了700多萬人口的國度,是許多年輕新血的集散地,他們前仆後繼地通過留學方式來把握加拿大的每一個機會;比起美國,加拿大的學生許可無需面簽,僅需通過IRCC系統線上提交申請,不需提心吊膽地面對簽證官!台灣學生僅需現場採集生物識別信息即可;全日制的學生還可以合法1周工作20小時(2022年底至2023年底之新政策為40小時),同時在在公立學院畢業後還能夠獲取到最長三年的工作許可(點我馬上了解),來繼續於加拿大求職,是留加學生的一大福音。 There are many checkpoints in the United States (visa interviews, immigration checks, and illegal labor investigations, etc.), and every link is full of doubts about the intentions of tourists visiting the United States. Putting heavy pressure on American society, more stringent screening of visitors is required. There are also some international students who have applied for visas several times before getting approved, which hurts their nerves and money. They all said that the American dream is really not easy! At the same time, part-time jobs for studying in the United States are mostly limited to campuses, and part-time jobs on campus are not as open as Canada. 3. 同化各族群的大熔爐 V.S 馬賽克般的拼貼文化 美國 一提到美國,關於種族歧視、治安等等的疑慮就浮現在很多人的心中,作為一個成年後的留學生,難免難以融入或者打破文化隔閡,甚遭到被激進主義者排斥,對於美國不熟悉的人難免會心生畏懼。不過這樣強調以美國主體的大環境,也造就了「大熔爐」的名號,讓多數來美的人士,都會盡所能地適應美式口音和文化、淡化自身背景。 加拿大 而加拿大的新移民們是整個國家的立國根基,「Where are you from?」是一句再常見不過的招呼,任何族群都在此有一定比例,也都保留一定程度的自身傳統,因此又有「Cultural mosaic」(文化馬賽克)的美名,在此可以看到各國文化持續為加拿大增添色彩;不但如此,當地相當重視文明與禮貌,反歧視的政策在生活、職場落實地相當完善,任何對膚色、種族、語言等的玩笑可是不能隨便開的哦! As soon as the United States is mentioned, doubts about racial discrimination, public security, etc. emerge in the minds of many people. As an adult foreign student, it is inevitable that it is difficult to integrate into or break through cultural barriers, and even be rejected by activists. I am not familiar with the United States. people will inevitably feel fear. However, this emphasis on the overall environment of the.....